5G wireless technology is the means to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, ultra-low latency, more reliability, massive network capacity, increased availability, and a more consistent user experience to more users.
What is 5G technology, and how it works?
5G will enable immediate connections to billions of gadgets, the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial intelligence, and a linked society. 5G will provide the speed, low bit rate, and connectivity to enable new generations of applications, software, services, and business opportunities that have not been seen before.
5G technology can be used destructively, but they can’t produce the power or frequency to do that. Yes, radiation is dangerous, but that’s ionizing radiation like the type made in X-rays, not non-ionizing radiation.
What is the need for 5G?
While you will need a 5G phone to access a 5G network, it doesn’t mean you need one to sketch some of its speed benefits. As the new network rolls out, you may experience faster speeds on 4G as well (more on that below). Besides, 5G is not replacing 4G altogether.
Although there are also some disadvantages like
- Obstructions can impact connectivity. The range of 5G connectivity is not great as the frequency waves can only travel a short distance.
- Initial costs for the rollout are high.
- Battery drain on devices.
- Upload speeds don’t match download speeds.
But 5G will boost other technologies like:-
- Softwarisation, i.e., moving some network operations from hardware to software
- Network slicing, so devices only use the section of the network service they need
- Edge computing; where necessary processing is done close to a device using 5G service
- Cloudification, i.e., where data is stored and processed remotely
- software-defined 5G networking technology, which means where performance management and security is centrally controlled
Is 5G is faster?
When delivered over millimetre-wave frequencies and their copious amounts of free spectrum, 5G can match the speed and latency of fibre-optic broadband, with downloads of 1 gigabit per second and ping times under ten milliseconds.
Someone can impose that it can replace Wi-Fi. While it’s certainly possible that 5G can replace Wi-Fi, there’s a good chance that it won’t. 5G has too many limitations – like capacity and coverage issues. Plus, 5G and Wi-Fi are better as complements rather than competition.
For starters, it’s swift—at a minimum theoretical speed of 20 Gbps (2.5 GBs) per cell, it’s over ten times faster than 4G and most likely faster than many types of wired home connections. Another aspect is the shallow latency standard that 5G networks are required to abide by.
Though, Greater bandwidth means that files will download faster, accessing the internet will be much faster, and there will be little to no lagging during streaming. While this dramatic increase in bandwidth will directly impact both users and the economy, there is also a downside.
Which countries are using 5G technology and which are not?
South Korea, China, and the United States are the countries that lead the world in building and deploying 5G technology. Telecommunications operators around the world—including AT&T Inc., KT Corp, and China Mobile—have been racing to build the fifth-generation (5G) of wireless technology.
Throughout Northern California, cities and towns are issuing ordinances that would exclude new 5G cell sites from residential areas, citing supposed health concerns. Residents of Portland, Ore., and Whitefish, Mont., have also mentioned these beliefs while lobbying for restrictions.
Across the countries surveyed by GSMA, 75% of consumers were aware of 5G. Enthusiasm is highest in China, where close to 50% of consumers say they will get a 5G phone as soon as service is available. That compares to 30% who said the same in the U.S., and just 15-20% in Europe.
“The new 5G standard is much faster and more responsive and has much greater capacity, which will be a real breakthrough for the massive Internet of Things (IoT), and leveraging machine learning, artificial intelligence and to automate network management and security,” says Abbas.