How beautifully Edward Stanley quotes, “Those who have no time for healthy eating will sooner or later have to find time for illness.” Though the quote in itself is explanatory as is the topic “Eating Disorders”,i.e. it is more than just about eating; eating disorders are complex mental health conditions that end up getting treated with medical science. Most of us, busy in our lifestyle, overlook such problems in the name of lack of time, so get aware about what you might be inviting neglecting your food habits.
What are Eating Disorders?
Eating disorders are the sequence of psychological conditions that induce unhealthy eating habits in a person. In severe cases, eating disorders can lead to death if neglected. Though eating disorders are unbiased in the case of gender and age, studies say adolescents and young women are major victims. Infact, up to 13% of youth may experience at least one of the eating disorders by the age of 20
A person with eating disorders can be easily identified if having any of the following symptoms:
- Restrictive eating
- Binge eating
Factors Causing Eating Disorders:
There are a variety of factors responsible for eating disorders. These are:
- Genetics Traits- According to the studies, researchers concluded that if one of the twins has an eating disorder then the other is 50% likely to have one of the eating disorders.
- Personality Traits- These play a vital role in inducing eating disorders, including neuroticism, perfectionism, and impulsivity.
- Cultural Traits- It is more likely a culture that people like to have a slim trim body which would rather end up having one or the other eating disorders.
- Psychological Traits – Psychological or brain traits are something that sets the mind of an individual based on the arguments, insight, and what others say or speak about him/her regarding body parts. Most people like to praise or appreciate people who are thin by body shape as a result an individual starts looking at himself to fit in their words which tend to victimize him with an eating disorder.
Types of Eating Disorders:
In this article I would mention the major eating disorders. These include:
- Anorexia Nervosa: It is a type of eating disorder characterized by the people with a low body weight having an intense fear of gaining a pinch in their body weight. It is more likely to see oneself unfit for the body, though in shape. People with this disorder restrict their calorie intake or reduce it by vomiting or over-exercising or taking higher dose laxatives. They are always found worrying about gaining weight.
- Bulimia Nervosa: It is another serious eating disorder, which is in contrast to anorexia i.e. in this eating disorder, a person ends up eating a large amount of food in a specific period until getting painfully full. People with bulimia face sore or inflamed throat, acid reflux, tooth decay and hormonal disturbances.
- Binge Eating Disorder: It is one of the major eating disorders. People with this disorder act similar to bulimia patients with additional uncontrollable behavior to eat without any shame or disguise. Unlike other disorders people with binge eating disorder don’t involve in vomiting over-exercising, food for them is just love, they eat by their choice, though it may harm them.
- Pica: It is quite humorous of all the disorders. In this people tend to consume things that are not considered food. Pica patients crave for non-food substances like chalk, brick, soil, dirt, wool, detergent and many more such substances. Pica may affect adolescents, pregnant women, and adults with mental disabilities.
The categories mentioned above are more general eating disorders prevailing in the society.These suggest how a lifestyle may lead to a disorder leading to psychological impacts on a person. Most of the time people ignore eating disorders. But these are as hampering as any other serious diseases, so proper medical treatment is suggested if you have an eating disorder.
“A healthy lifestyle always adds to your years, as does a healthy eating style.”