Nepal is a country in South Asia with pride in its own culture and diversity, held in the laps of the Greater Himalayas. It is a landlocked country located between India to the east, south, and west and The Autonomous Regions of China to the north. Its territory extends roughly 500 miles from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south.
The capital is Kathmandu. Wedged between two giants, India and China, Nepal seeks to keep a balance between the two countries in the foreign policy. A factor that contributes immensely to the geopolitical importance of the country is that the incontrovertible fact that a robust Nepal can deny China across the Gangetic Plain; Nepal thus makes the southern boundary of the Chinese sphere.
Amazon of Asia
Despite swelling in a small region equivalent to only 0.3% of the land area within Asia, Nepal can proudly show off more than 900 strong varieties of extraordinary and multi-colored species of birds. There are around 650 types of butterflies in Nepal which approximately covers 4.2% of all the butterflies. Being home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, it also provides shelter to the Royal Bengal Tiger. Nepal also has an amazing assortment of around 5,980 types of blooming plants which is a description for 2.4% of comparable plants globally. Aside from one-hundred Rhino, snow leopard, and swamp deer widespread in this Amazonian countryside, there are 360 types of orchids in Nepal.
Birthplace of Lord Buddha
Lumbini is considered one of the attractions for Buddhist pilgrims and the spiritual site, a sacred place, the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Mayadevi Temple is the most sacred site in the Lumini Garden where archaeologists have identified the exact spot where Lord Buddha was born. The birth happened within the beautiful Sal grove, which is now the focus of the Lumbini Garden.
It is believed that Mayadevi, the queen of Shakya king Suddhoodhana gave birth to Prince Siddhartha just after taking bath in the sacred pond of Lumbini Garden on Baisakhi Purnima. Kathmandu – home to several museums and galleries, including the National Museum of Nepal and the National History Museum of Nepal. The museum displays unique aircraft and paintings from the 5th century AD onwards to date, including archaeological explorations. The national museum is a great attraction standing as a tourist destination in Kathmandu near the Swoyambhnath stupa which was constructed in the early 19th century by General Bhimsen Thapa.
Hinduism in Nepal
Hinduism is the main and the largest religion of Nepal. The Constitution of Nepal aims at conserving prestigious religion throughout the country and state which has been inherited for years. Hinduism as the official religion of Nepal with special priveledges. According to the 2011 census, the Hindu population in Nepal is established to be around 22,493,649 which accounts for around 85% of the country’s population. The national calendar of Nepal, Vikram Sarwal is the Solar Hindu calendar essentially the same as that widespread in west India as a religious calendar and is based on Hindu units of time.
The Tarai region has a width ranging from 26 km to 32km and varies in altitude from 60m and 305m. It occupies around 17% of the total land area of the country. Further north, the Shivalik zone and Mahabharat range give way to Duns such as Trijugi, Sindhuli, Chitwan. The mountainous regions begin at 3000m leading up to the alpine pastures and temperate forests limited by the tree lines at 4000m and the snow line beginning at 5000m. Eight of the world’s highest peaks that are above 8000m lie in Nepal. Mount Everest Kanchunjanga, Cho Chyu, Dhaulagiri, and Annapurna.
Rich in Culture and Heritage
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a rich country in terms of cultural heritage. Nepalese culture represents a fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Mangolian influences the result of a long history of migration, conquest, and trade.
In Nepal, there is evidence of both Hindu and Buddhist culture.
The diverse cultural heritage incorporates within itself varied ethnic, tribal, and social groups inhabiting different altitudes and it manifests in many forms: music and dance, art and craft, languages and literature, philosophy and religion, festivals and celebrations, and food and drinks. In Nepal, they believe that “unity in diversity” and is the Nepalese specialty.
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