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Election: In World’s Largest Democracy

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In most democratic countries, all voters attend the polls on one, predetermined day. However, this is often not the case in India, the world's largest democracy and therefore the planet's second-most populous country after China.

India, the world’s most populous democracy, continues to possess a vibrant media, a lively civil society, a respected judiciary, and significant human rights problems. As India’s Population is1.30 billion. China and Russia are more communist, not democratic, now we left with two countries, India and therefore the USA. The USA, being a democratic country with 0.35 billion. Hence India may be a democratic country having more population and hence the world’s largest democracy.

In most democratic countries, all voters attend the polls on one, predetermined day. However, this is often not the case in India, the world’s largest democracy and therefore the planet’s second-most populous country after China. During this diverse subcontinent — which boasts 22 official languages, 200 regional languages, and over 6000 dialects across its 29 states and seven Union territories — voting is an elaborate process, conducted in seven stages over a period of 39 days. Held every five years, this year the overall elections began on April 11, 2019, and can continue until May 19, 2019, with the ultimate results announced on May 23, 2019.

What’s with the emoji-like symbols on the electronic ballots?

India’s electronic voting ballots feature emoji-like symbols alongside each candidate’s name. The minimalist drawings, which include everyday objects, like a brush, belt, flashlight, and even mango, are images selected by the varied political parties to differentiate themselves and make it easier for voters to settle on between candidates. The icons were introduced at India’s first election in 1951 to assist the country’s population, which was about 80 percent illiterate, recognize whom they were voting for. “Symbols made it easier for people to associate [themselves] with political parties. They’re just like the logos of companies,” said Kavita Karan, a professor at Southern Illinois University. Though the country’s literacy rate has risen sharply since, the drawings remain an important part of the election process, appearing prominently on political banners also on documents released by parties to form their case to voters.

On counting day, the machines which are carefully guarded in sealed rooms are brought out and within hours every state of the country gives out the results. The winner is said within each day.

World’s Biggest Election

Why the elections are staggered over five weeks?

While holding elections in several stages over a period of 5 weeks may sound excessive, it’s the sole way poll workers can get to the 900 million eligible voters who reside all the way from the Himalayas to the tropical islands within the Indian Ocean. What makes the exercise even more complicated is that the electoral rules which stipulate that no voter should be quite 1.2 miles (2-kilometers) faraway from a booth. This year, election organizers have found out 1 million stations, installed 2.3 million electronic voting machines, and deployed 10 million government employees who pass by foot, road, train, helicopter, boat, and sometimes even elephant to make sure that each voter can cast a ballot. They even found out a special booth for Guru Bharatdas Darshandas, the only resident and caretaker of the Gir Forest, home to India’s only wild lion population.

How much does the election exhibition cost?

Not surprisingly, elections within the world’s largest democracy are an upscale affair. This year’s polling exercise is predicted to cost a record $7 billion, up 40 percent from the estimated $5 billion spent by candidates within the 2014 elections. While most of the funds will go towards social media, travel, and advertising, candidates also spend large amounts to convert residents. to draw in large crowds to rural political rallies, they often treat prospective voters to delicious biryani — a bowl of fragrant, spiced rice mixed with vegetables or chicken — firework shows, and dance performances. Rural voters also are often bribed with cash and gold, also as simple home items like blenders, refrigerators, and even goats! While India’s vote system makes it hard to measure the effectiveness of the illegal presents, quite 90 percent of candidates have confessed to using them to face calls in the crowded field.

How many voters are there in India in 2019?

The votes were counted and therefore the result declared on 23 May. About 911 million people were eligible to vote, and the vote was over 67 percent – the very best ever, also because the highest ever participation by women voters.

Shyam Saran Negi, born on 1 July 1917 in Kalpa, Himachal Pradesh, maybe a retired schoolteacher who cast the primary choice for the 1951 election in India the nation’s first election since the top of British rule out 1947.

The nature of democracy is that elected officials are accountable to the people and that they must return to the voters at prescribed intervals to hunt their mandate to continue in office. For that reason, most democratic constitutions provide that elections are held at fixed regular intervals.

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