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BHARAT AND AFGANISTAN| Bharatvarsh | Part -3

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Relations between the people of Afghanistan and Bharat traces to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Following Alexander, the Great's brief occupation, the successor state of the Seleucid Empire controlled the region known today as Afghanistan. In 305 BCE, they ceded much of it to the Indian Maurya Empire as a neighborhood of an alliance treaty.

Relations between the people of Afghanistan and Bharat traces to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Following Alexander, the Great’s brief occupation, the successor state of the Seleucid Empire controlled the region known today as Afghanistan. In 305 BCE, they ceded much of it to the Indian Maurya Empire as a neighborhood of an alliance treaty.

Alexander took these away from the Aryans and established settlements of his own, but Seleucus Nicator gave them to Sandrocottus (Chandragupta), upon terms of intermarriage and of receiving in exchange 500 elephants.

— Strabo, 64 BCE – 24 CE

From the 10th century to the mid-18th century, northern Bharat has been invaded by a variety of invaders based on what today is Afghanistan. Among them were the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Khaljis, Suris, Mughals, and Durranis. During these eras, especially during the Mughal period (1526–1858), many Afghans began immigrating to India thanks to political unrest in their regions.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Khan Sahib were prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement and active supporters of the Indian National Congress. Although the NWFP became a part of Pakistan in 1947, active Pashtun support for the Indian freedom struggle led to great sympathy in Bharat for the explanation for Pashtun autonomy and freedom. The Indian government continued to support Pashtun leader Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in lobbying for greater Pashtun freedom within the NWFP. Indians are working in various construction projects, as a part of India’s rebuilding efforts in Afghanistan, although the Indian intelligence RAW is accused by countries like Pakistan of working to malign Pakistan and train & support insurgents. These workers are estimated to be anywhere between 3,000 and 4,000. Indian nationals stationed in Afghanistan have often faced continuous security threats within the country, with kidnappings and lots of attacks (such because the February 2010 Kabul attack) deliberately administered on them.

In January 1950, a five-year Treaty of Friendship was signed between the 2 countries in New Delhi. Aside from affirming “everlasting peace and friendship between the 2 Governments”, the treaty provided for the establishment of diplomatic and consular posts in each other’s territories.

Bharat recognized the new Republic of Afghanistan on July 19, 1973. Indian secretary of state Swaran Singh visited Afghan President Mohammed Daoud Khan in October that year, and Khan visited India in March 1975. On July 7, 1974, the 2 countries signed a trade protocol.

The Mauryans brought Buddhism from Bharat and controlled the planet south of the Hindu Kush. Their decline began 60 years after Ashoka’s rule ended, leading to the Hellenistic reconquest of the region by the Greco-Bactrians. The 10th century to the mid-18th century, northern India has been invaded by a spread of invaders supported what today is Afghanistan. Among them were the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Khaljis, Suris, Mughals, and Durranis. During these eras, especially during the Mughal period (1526–1858), many Afghans began immigrating to India because of political unrest in their regions.

Indians are working in various construction projects, as a neighborhood of India’s rebuilding efforts in Afghanistan, although the Indian intelligence RAW is accused by countries like Pakistan of working to malign Pakistan and train & support insurgents. These workers are estimated to be anywhere between 3,000 and 4,000. Indian nationals stationed in Afghanistan have often faced continuous security threats within the country, with kidnappings and much of attacks (such because the February 2010 Kabul attack) deliberately administered on them.

In January 1950, a five-year Treaty of Friendship was signed between the two countries in New Delhi. Apart from affirming “everlasting peace and friendship between the two Governments”, the treaty provided for the establishment of diplomatic and consular posts in each other’s territories.

Bharat recognized the new Republic of Afghanistan on July 19, 1973. Indian secretary of state Swaran Singh visited Afghan President Mohammed Daoud Khan in October that year, and Khan visited India in March 1975. On July 7, 1974, the two countries signed a trade protocol.

Friendship Dam

Salma Dam, officially the Afghan-Bharat Friendship Dam, maybe a hydroelectric and irrigation dam project located on the Hari River in Chishti Sharif District of Herat Province in western Afghanistan. The Afghan cabinet renamed the Salma Dam to the Afghan-Bharat Friendship Dam during a move to strengthen relations between the 2 countries.

Part 1: INDIA, BHARAT, HINDUSTAN, MELUHA OR ANYTHING ELSE? | Bharatvarsh | Part -1

Part 2: Aryavarta | Bharatvarsh | Part -2

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