The worldwide disorder caused by COVID’19 pandemic has resulted in numerous impacts on the environment and climate. The severe decline in traveling has caused many regions to experience a drop in air pollution. In China, lockdowns and other measures resulted in a 25% reduction in carbon emissions and a 50% reduction in nitrogen oxide emissions.
However, the outbreak has also provided cover for illegal activities such as deforestation of the Amazon rainforest and poaching in Africa, which is predicted to slow investment in green energy technologies.
Due to the coronavirus outbreak’s impact on the travel and industry of many regions, and the planet as a whole experienced a drop in air pollution. Reducing air pollution can reduce both climate change and COVID’19 risks.
Between January 1 and March 11 2020, the European space energy observed a marked decline in nitrous oxide emissions from cars, power plants, and factories.
The lockdown has caused a decline in global warming as well and has made the environment clean and green. The environment and the climatic changes which were never experienced in the past years can be seen now. People have stopped traveling, factories have stopped burning garbage, which is a boon in the environment.
Due to the coronavirus outbreak, the lockdown has caused people not to throw garbage in the water bodies which in return made the wetter bodies clean and fresh. The Ganga river in the past few years was never seen so clean as it can be seen at present. This in turn, helps the residents, get clean water for consumption, and also to the animals and birds.
As people stayed at home, due to lockdown and travel restrictions, some animals have been spotted in cities. Sea turtles were spotted laying eggs on beaches they once avoided, due to lowered levels of human interference and light pollution. As of April 2020, signs of aquatic recovery remain mostly anecdotal.
The pandemic has also impacted environmental diplomacy and climate diplomacy, as the 2020 United Nation Climate Change Conference was postponed to 2021, in response to the pandemic after its venue was converted to a field hospital. The Conference was crucial as nations were scheduled to submit enhanced nationally determined contributions to the Paris Agreement, in the enhanced ambition.
Predicted Rebound Effect
The restarting of greenhouse-gas production industries and transport following COVID’19 lockdowns was hypothesized as an event that would contribute to increasing greenhouse gas production rather than reducing it. In the transport sector, a pandemic could trigger several effects including behavioral changes such as more teleworking and teleconferencing and changes in business models- which could in turn translate in the reduction of emissions from transport.
When all of us are facing struggles in this pandemic, we are forgetting to learn from the struggles of nature which are rooted since the years, that how the environment has been suffering due to human ill-treatments and harmful activities, and now in this crisis, nature is healing, water is getting purified as it used to be decades ago, the air is more fresh to breathe and yes, most importantly the human, one of the major assets is learning to live with fewer resources. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development recommends the government should continue to enforce existing air pollution regulations during the COVID’19 crisis and after the crisis, and channel financial support channels to public transport providers to enhance capacity and quality to focus on reducing crowding and promote cleaner facilities.
“From fighting against COVID’19 to let’s fight with our selfish side so that we can have this planet with a forever delight.”